Наукова тема «Художня індивідуальністьТ.Шевченка і світовий літературний контекст» The scientific theme “Taras Shevchenko’s artistic individuality and the world literature process”
Shevchenko Learning Constituent as a Conceptual Vector of Scientific Humanitarian Studies of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
The scholar research at the Taras ShevchenkoNational University of Kyiv is a fundamental part of its development, future research and high rating. The main strategy and research is the program: “Modernizing the social development of Ukraine in the parameters of Social Globalization”.
On 200th anniversary of Taras Shevchenko’s birth the new theme of “Taras Shevchenko’s artistic individuality and the world literature process” was started within the program.The leader of research is Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department of Ukrainian Literature History and Shevchenko Studies of Institute of Philology Oksana Mykolayivna Slipushko.
The main topics are:
- Research dedicated to Shevchenko’s poetry and prose. - Analysis of his body of work in the context of world literature. (Biblical texts; French, Polish, German and English literature from the XVIII-XIX century);
The objectives of this scholarly research are:
- To determine Shevchenko’s position on the global, literature, historic, artistic and social scale. - To determine the level of influence Taras Shevchenko has had on the world literature.
The project is developed in collaboration with the National Academy of Sciences and other Ukrainian and foreign universities.
The mission of this theme is about definition of Shevchenko’s place in the literature world, including historic-cultural and historic-social contexts. Also, is it about research of Taras Shevchenko in European and global literary criticism through investigating of biblical and antic allusions in texts, applying to the main figures in English, German, Polish, Russian and some other literatures. The present works on this topic will be systematized. Criteria’s for comparing of Shevchenko’s and others Romantics will be defined. Comparing between Shevchenko’s texts and Romantics of English, German, Polish, French, Russian and others literatures will be made. The point of relations between them will be found out as well. Common and different development processes between artistic phenomenons will be defined.
On December, 16th, 2014 the first interim report was held. A number of scientific studio’s results were presented there, among them are: the idea of God in Shevchenko’s artistic consciousness; the problem of freedom in the Holy Bible and its interpretation in Shevchenko’s texts; Shevchenko’s artistic individuality in the new literary context; critical reception of Taras Shevchenko’s work by Mykola Zerov; travelling concept in Shevchenko’s artistic inheritance of 1847 - 1861 (draw, water-colour, sepia, engraving); Shevchenko’s works scientific reception.
Scientific research work is connected to the SASU problematic and to others high school establishments within Ukraine and abroad. The importance of our work and conclusions is predefined by actuality and novelty of results. It is defined, that Shevchenko’s artistic conception demonstrated evolution of view and understanding of Bible themes and motives, especially the idea of God. It is defined the idea of freedom in Holy Bible and its interpretation in Taras Shevchenko’s works. In this case freedom is seen as the choice between good and evil, and, as a result, between justness and sinfulness of each person.
It is clear that Taras Shevchenko’s texts, that became a fact of existence of our literature, loaded each apply with the realized and unrealized reminiscence themes like “human and the world”, “human and nature”, “human and society”, “human and God”. Poets of so-called “mature modernism” intensely reach Shevchenko’s texts as based on new canons classics, which are oriented on worlds artistic values on the whole, and antics as a part. It is proved that researches of Shevchenko by Mykola Zerov are a continuation of modern view on writer, formed by Mykola Yevshan. The specific of analysis of Shevchenko’s life and creativity is about finding out the context and making the accent on the development of social esthetic opinion of the second part of 19th century. Zerov’s researches on Shevchenko realized in schools, which are different by its forms and methods. The results proves thesis about successive creation of esthetically predefined conception of literature by neoclassic, which the purpose of systematic learning of phenomenon of literature. Zerov’s multidimensionalness of opinion and expression are compared to his accuracy of vivid comparisons and riches of reminiscences and allusions are observed in his lections about Shevchenko. Zerov’s researches about Shevchenko became prove of new, “mature modern” stage of learning of this topic. Conclusions and generalization of the neoclassic do not loose actuality for modern learning of Shevchenko’s inheritance.
The results were got are making accordance to the most actual scientific directions an the most important problems of fundamental researches, which were recognized by NAS of Ukraine and by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine for 2009 - 2013 years, concretely: 4.8.2. The tendencies of development of world literature. 4.8.3. Literary criticism. 4.8.5 Ukrainian literature in the circle of literatures of the European and Slavic people.
The results were provided into the learning process of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, and the optional course “Taras Shevchenko’s phenomenon in cultural and humanitarian space within Ukraine and the world”, course “Taras Shevchenko and the Kyiv University” (for students of all structures subdivisions), special course “Taras Shevchenko, intellectual and literary-artistic context of European literature” (for the Institute of Philology students).
The practical realization of this topic was Shevchenko International Literature Congress, which was held on March, 10th - 12th , 2014, where such countries were represented: the USA, Great Britain, Japan, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Poland, Belorussia, Russia. During the congress the round tables were organized in the Institute of Philology, on Historical and Philosophy departments: “Taras Shevchenko’s phenomenon in Ukrainian literature process”, “Receptions and translations of Taras Shevchenko’s heritance”, “The role of Taras Shevchenko in the history of Ukrainian State”, “The figure of Taras Shevchenko in Ukrainian philosophy tradition”.
Also, co-workers of this project mentioned its fundamental ideas on three international scientific conferences, such as Shevchenko International Literature Congress, dedicated to 200 anniversary of Shevchenko’s birth, international scientific conference “Apostle of Truth and Science. To 200th anniversary of Shevchenko’s birth (Lviv, May, 15th - 16th), international scientific conference “Modern philology: paradigms, directions, problems” (Kyiv, October, 9th, 2014).
Scientific achievements we have got during the period from 1.03 to 16.12 are demonstrated in next publications:
Oksana Slipushko, Doctor of Philology, Professor
• The program of course “Taras Shevchenko and the Kyiv University” (for the students of all structural subdivisions) -Кyiv, 2014.,19 p.
• Taras Shevchenko unsubdued: Artistic Inheritance of 1847 -1861 //Preface to edition: Walk further, further glory. Artistic inheritance of Taras Shevchenko of 1847 -1861. Draw, water-colour, sepia, engraving. - “Kyiv University” addition, 2014. - P. 6-23.
• Department of history of Ukrainian literature and Shevchenko Studies of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv: on a 15year from the day of founding // Slovo i Chas. - 2014. - # 9. - P. 103 - 110.
• Heroic act in the poem of Shevchenko “Haydamaky” // Sherchenko Learning Studios. Collection of scientific works. - 2014. - # 17. - P. 136-146.
Оksana Hal’chuk, Doctor of Philology:
• Shevchenko’s text as neurohumor in the dialogue of poets of “mature modernism” with antiquity. Literature Study Studios. - Ed. 40. - Part 1. - Kyiv.: "Kyiv university" addition, 2013. - P. 207.
Anna Shapovalova, PhD in Literature, co-worker of research:
• The program of course “Taras Shevchenko and the Kyiv University” (for the students of all structural subdivisions). - Кyiv, 2014.,19 p.
• Freedom as Christian Value in texts of Taras Shevchenko// Sherchenko Learning Studios. Eddition of scientific publications. - Ed. 17. - Kyiv: "Kyiv University" addition, 2014. - P. 103-113.
The staff members prepared an anniversary edition of the book "Shevchenko Learning Studies", which was implemented in 2014. The greeting speeches of the rector of the University L.V.Hubernskiy and Director of the Institute of Philology H.F.Semeniuk were included. Beginning from this edition the editorial college is proclaimed as international.
The perspectives of development of described topic are defined for 2015 year. It is expected to prepare an edition of the monograph “Artistic Individuality of Taras Shevchenko and the Global Literature Context” both in English and Ukrainian languages (the authors are: Oksana Slipushko, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Anna Shapovalova, PhD in Literature); 18th edition of scientific researches of “Shevchenko Learning Studios”. The course program “Taras Shevchenko and the Kyiv University” (with its manual for students of all structural subdivisions of University) is expected to be made as well.It is planned to publish the articles on the topic in professional editions of Ukraine and world.
Oksana Slipushko, the leader of research, Olga Guzii, co-worker of research.
Поштова адреса Інституту філології : бульвар Тараса Шевченка, 14, ауд. 78 (Кафедра історії української літератури і шевченкознавства), місто Київ, Україна, 01601 Тел.: +380 (44) 239-34-30; 34-30. Web: http://philology.knu.ua/node/11 ; електронна пошта: firstname.lastname@example.org